Varieties

GAMZA

This variety is typical for the western and central sections of Northern Bulgaria, mainly in the regions of Vidin, Pleven and Suhindol.

Gamza is a late ripening variety. It ripens during the second half of September. Windy hills with relatively rich soils and good exposure are the most suitable terrains for Gamza.

Wines produced from Gamza are harmonious, but to the sensitivity of the variety to climatic conditions it is not possible to achieve the desired quality every year from each region. Usually we make a slight correction of colour and acidity by adding other varieties – Cabernet, Merlot and Rubin. The pure Gamza wine is in strong demand on the markets in Germany and Russia. The Gamza variety is easily mixed with merlot. Our Merlot & Gamza wine is a bestseller on the British market.

RKATSITELI

This is a grape variety of Georgian origin. The areas under Rkatsiteli in Bulgaria are quite extensive. Rkatsiteli is a relatively late ripening variety – it ripens during the second half of September. It has a natural high yield. The variety is relative resistant against decay, draught and cold. Its is used to make white wines, sparkling wine and wine material for cognac-type beverages. Rkatsiteli does not have the potential for producing high-quality modern wines and for this reason its importance for wine production is diminishing.

MUSCAT OTONEL

The Muscat variety has a long history. It is considered as one of the first varieties, which have been described and defined. It bears different names in the different countries – Muscatto in Italy, Muscatel in Spain, and Muscat Otonel in Bulgaria. The name of the variety also has an ancient origin. It is considered that the name is related to the Latin word “musca” , which means “fly”. Flies are attracted by the sweet aroma of the ripe grape. Other researches link the name with “musk”.

Muscat is an early ripening wine and table variety. It ripens during the second half of August. It grows well on deep, light, humus-carbonate soils on hilly terrains. It is relatively resistant against draught, cold and decay.

SAUVIGNON BLANC

Sauvignon Blanc originates from France. The variety is related to some of the most prestigious wines – Sanser and Poli Fume. The variety gained popularity during the 60-s of last century, when Robert Mondavi experimented with fermentation in barrels and launched the dry wines, thus creating a style of an exquisite fruitiness.

Sauvignon Blanc is planted on limited areas only in Bulgaria. Its is a medium ripening variety – the first half of September. Regions with humus-carbonate and gravel soils are considered as most suitable for Chardonnay. It has a high growth rate and high yield. It is susceptible to decay but is relative resistant against low temperatures.

CHARDONNAY

Chardonnay is a grape variety widely associated with white wine. Its persistency against fashion trends among wine connoisseurs is amazing.

Chardonnay originates from Burgundy. For long years, the French were accustomed to giving names to wines according to their geographic appellation, while the importance of the variety remained underestimated. The emergence of trademark wines during the second half of the 20-th century reversed the trend in favour of Chardonnay. It easily emerged as a variety, which quickly gained recognition.

Chardonnay is an early ripening variety – it ripens in the end of August. Deeper, rich lime soils at the foot of hills are the most suitable terrains for Chardonnay. The variety is relatively resistant against draught and cold. It has a moderate growth rate, and assures and an average yield.

Some of the characteristics a used to describe the variety are green apple, peach, lemon, fig, pineapple, water melon, honey and nuts. Aging in oak barrels implants traces of oil, vanilla and smoke.

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